Too Light For Black Girl Magic? Survivor’s Remorse Tackles Colorism
August 16, 2016
Let’s talk about race, baby. That’s easy. In fact, there are over half a dozen top TV shows willing to tackle the subject of race and racism. Whether they put their actors in Black Lives Matter T-shirts or craft a not-so-subtle, racially charged police brutality narrative in an episode, talking about race has become easy. It’s in vogue to talk about race.
But race has a neglected little stepsister called colorism, and that’s where it gets tricky. Perhaps it’s because colorism is as much a mirror as it is a lens to see others. Whether we’re talking the general upset around Zoe Saldana taking on the role of Nina Simone, or Lil’ Kim’s ever-changing hue, colorism is the black community’s open secret. It’s a very complex conversation, but in “The Photoshoot,” the Starz network’s Survivor’s Remorse goes there.
Written by Ali LeRoi (Are We There Yet?, Everybody Hates Chris) and directed by Victoria Mahoney (Yelling to the Sky, Queen Sugar), the episode interestingly explores both sides of a dialogue that’s usually pretty one-sided. Nuanced in every beat, this is the episode that made me a fan of Survivor’s Remorse.
When Missy Vaughn, played by Teyonah Parris, takes the lead on Cam Calloway’s career after she helps rectify a publicity nightmare for the basketball superstar, she seems right at home as his new media consultant. But in episode 305 Missy’s carefully crafted photo shoot plans go left when the brown-skinned model she chose to shoot with the basketball star books a last minute Vogue shoot and gets swapped for a lighter-skinned model. After arriving to the set late, Vaughn spots the light-skinned model poised on a couch in close quarters with the basketball player as the photographer snaps away.
“That’s not the model I chose,” she affirms. And that’s when it gets interesting. We quickly learn that the objective of this photo shoot is much bigger than getting a great shot for Missy Vaughn. “The purpose of this,” Missy confesses, is “to change the perception that star athletes only date light-skin women. But now we got a damn near white girl next to him.”
Missy goes on to say, “Do you know what every dark-skin girl thinks when she sees only light-skin girls in magazines? They think their dark skin has made them invisible.”And she’s right. Although a fictional character, she tells the narrative of many women of color. The late Nina Simone told the Washington Post, “People like Diahann Carroll get designer clothes free. I was never on the cover of Ebonyor Jet. They want white-looking women like Diana Ross: light and bright.” Fast-forward a few years and colorism hasn’t gone anywhere.Viola Davis was quoted as saying, “[W]hen you do see a woman of color onscreen, the paper-bag test is still very much alive and kicking. That’s the whole racial aspect of colorism: If you are darker than a paper bag, then you are not sexy, you are not a woman, you shouldn’t be in the realm of anything that men should desire.”And honestly, no one should argue that colorism hasn’t greatly impacted the lives of African Americans historically. Furthermore, colorism is individually responsible for eroding the self-esteem of many black women. Just look at Lil’ Kim.
When I asked Ali LeRoi, the writer and executive producer of the episode, what inspired him to tell this story this way, he confessed, “I’m married to a black woman. Everything from hair to body type to the amount of women I know that are of age to be married and have kids and are struggling just to find men. And not just because there is a lack of men. But also, when they are in the presence of men, what do men value? How do you develop some sense of self and value when it is attached to these notions that are hammered into your head from the time you are born? It’s a sympathetic vent on my part.”
“[For women], those are very raw nerves,” LeRoi continued. “If that girl is thin and light-skin and skinny and pretty, and she is standing next to a pretty brown-skin girl with a few more curves and natural hair, there’s every likelihood that just on the basis of the world’s most superficial choice, any guy that walks up may choose the light-skin girl over the dark-skin girl. But that informs worth. It’s not self-worth. When do you get to argue against that?”
Historically, yes—lighter skin has equaled a life of relative privilege when it comes to black Americans and some other races. We can trace this back to slavery; that is, if you can call being a “house slave” privilege. They were all enslaved after all.
As time has gone on, elitism based on skin complexion within the African diaspora developed, especially in America. Things like the brown paper bag test were prevalent from the 1900s to 1950s, deciding who made it in to certain special societies and choice clubs. And although black people were never really the authors of colorism, it is us who continued to carry it out and us who continue to hurt one another. And yes, there is hurt on both sides.
“There is, too, a curious color dynamic that sadly persists in our culture,” offers, Michael Eric Dyson, in an excerpt from Come Hell Or High Water. In fact, New Orleans invented the brown paper bag party—usually at a gathering in a home—where anyone darker than the bag attached to the door was denied entrance. The brown bag criterion survives as a metaphor for how the black cultural elite quite literally establishes caste along color lines within black life….I have observed color politics at work among black folk. The cruel color code has to be defeated by our love for one another.”
What’s interesting about the depiction of the colorism narrative in this episode is that the entire ideal gets flipped on its head. We are used to seeing someone on the darker side of the spectrum being discriminated against. Often, a lighter or white person may be in a place of power. But in this scene, we see Missy is the character with all the power, and it is her subjective experience as a brown girl that leads her to discriminate against a lighter brown girl. Missy goes on to fire the model, and then instructs the photographer to find “a brown girl” to replace her. Ironically, we see the very thing defined as the access point to privilege become the thing that gets the model fired—so much for light-skinned privilege. It seems that in this case, light skin may get you kicked out of as many doors as it gets you into.
Director Victoria Mahoney was especially careful in her treatment of the scene and the actresses. As a both a black and lighter-skin-toned woman, it was important for all sides of the story to be told. Mahoney, of course, brought her own experiences to the table as well.
“From a very, very young age—it was made clear to me that I was living an experience that had advantages,” she says. “My skin tone has been the factor in permitting and preventing me down certain roads. Meaning, I’ve gotten business meetings because of my skin tone and I’ve lost meetings because of my skin tone. I’ve gotten jobs because of my skin tone and I’ve lost jobs because they never even considered me, because of my skin tone. Guys have dated me because of my skin tone and guys have not wanted to date me because of my skin tone.”
Missy calls the model “a damn near white girl.” Apparently her light skin makes her less black. It sounds archaic, but it’s a real and pervasive thought throughout the black community. And as a girl who usually comes out on the lighter end of the spectrum when characterized, I can rightly identify with both women. Being marginalized from mainstream beauty standards is no joke. As a black woman and a curvy girl, I’ve missed myself on TV and in magazines for most of my life. But I’ve also known what it feels like to know that another black person is looking at you as “not black enough.” Both feelings hurt.
Honestly, any woman of color can relate to Missy’s words in some way, whether you’re, Latina, Indian, or even Korean—you get it. To be a brown girl anywhere in the world, let alone in America, is to experience exclusion and marginalization from mainstream media, and from mainstream beauty standards. African and African-American cultural beauty standards further deepen scars created by the residue of slavery and colonialism.
But when Missy’s character demands that the photographer bring her “a brown girl,” she forces us to ask: Who qualifies as a brown girl? And that all depends on whom you’re asking. In all of Missy’s “black girl magic” (as her husband calls it in the episode), who fits into her vision of black girl magic, and who is excluded? Is the light-skinned model not black enough for black girl magic?
In a chance meeting that only TV could create, Trina—the model from the shoot—gets to confront Missy and share her own thoughts on being fired. “That was messed up what you did,” she fires off. Missy, still in shock that the girl had the balls to approach her, responds, “All I know is that my whole life women like you have been winning. Today I could put someone on who looked like me, so I did.”
“But don’t you see we are in the same boat?” Trina answers. “You think because I’m light skinned I won’t drown… I guess I don’t have enough color for you… And you’re the one with the lifeline. My man ain’t reppin’ Cam Calloway.”
Before she leaves, she threatens, “The only reason you ain’t getting fucked up right now is because I have a son. So I can’t be in jail on some bullshit, because I got to find another job to make these ends meet. But know this, sweet chocolate honey: karma is a bitch.”
I have to say, I was shocked that Trina got a moment to clap back, and her points were equally valid. And actress Logan Browning [Trina/ model] totally held her on in a toe to toe with Teyonah Parris. Nevertheless, it’s interesting that the girl trying to reset the scales in the favor of little brown girls across the country is also the one wielding all the power. Missy is the one with all the privilege, which is what Trina means when she says, “My man ain’t reppin’ Cam Calloway.”
Writer and executive producer of the episode, Ali LeRoi explains it best, “When a light-skinned woman who’s got a baby and she’s trying to live her life. She’s trying to do a decent thing— [She’s] a model. She’s trying to work. Being light skinned did not save [her] from being broke. And here you are, the brown skinned wife of a guy who’s a partner of a guy who’s a multi-millionaire telling [her] she’s got it good. You hired [her]. [She] didn’t hire you.”
Truthfully the episode explores all sides to the colorism beef. “There is a great old saying: there are three sides to every story,” says Mahoney. “Your side, my side, and the truth. We actually have another place where the audience lives. We have two characters, two individuals, both grounded in their subjective views and life experience. We must honor each person’s subjective life experience.”
The director confesses, “I identify with both women. It will always come back to this ambiguous truth: everyone is right and everyone is wrong. It’s their subjective life experience, but that doesn’t make it right, that doesn’t make it wrong. There is no other way to quantify it except that they both are absolutely honest in their discussion of how they are received in the world.”
The most interesting thing is, these two black women stand there in conflict with one another, fighting a battle in a war they didn’t start. Still, it can’t be more real to them. And it couldn’t be closer to the truth.
Actress Kim Whitley, featured in Bill Duke’s Light Girls, had this to say on the subject: “I love all the shades, but God made me this way, so I have to be happy with who I am.....I embrace my brown-skinned sisters. I love them and I hope that they embrace me. And I want the brown-skinned sisters to stop looking at the light-skinned sisters like, ‘Hmph, she think she’s cute.’ No, she doesn’t...... Yeah, she’s confident. But I bet you that same sister is at home crying on the floor, because we got the same issues.”
Mahoney explains that there are many “casualties,” explaining, “the dagger goes inward. Culturally, we are aiming to survive and trying to thrive. But who are we accidentally, unintentionally taking out?”
Still, I couldn’t help but to think, is Missy right? I asked the director and writer what are the implications of this narrative, given the fictional basketball character is dating a light-skinned girl and the very real executive producer, LeBron James, is married to a light-skinned girl? Is Missy right after all? Does this scenario only exist in fiction?
“One of the interesting things about colorism and perception,” says Mahoney, “is some people look at Cam’s girl and some say she’s light and some say she’s medium and some say she’s not light. That is what’s fascinating about colorism. And depending on what room I walk into, I’m either too dark or too light. But that’s what comes at me. That’s not me. I’m just walking out of my house, walking outside to live my life. And then I enter a room, and depending on what’s going on in that room and the makeup of that room, it’s decided that I’m either dark skinned or light skinned.
“That’s how I’m able to identify with both characters. I think the episode is exciting, because that’s what we are touching on. Really what colorism is, it is perspective and it’s based on me—the individual who decides another person is light or dark. They are making the decision based on their own skin tone. It basically comes down to a judgment,” volunteers Mahoney.
Episode scriptwriter Ali LeRoi also offered, “It means that I may have one experience as a person in the real world, and despite that, I’m not unaware that other people are having other experiences. It may be ironic that my wife looks one way and I produce the show. All of those are ways of being aware. It’s something we’d rather not have to fight over, but one thing you can do to avoid the fight is to accept the reality.”
And we can talk about the reality, which is what good TV does. It gets us talking and thinking. And when we have conversations we can change things. Colorism doesn’t have to be a staple in the black community especially if we can recognize that this isn’t even our fight. And the resentment that we often feel towards one another is often just misplaced pain.